Foods to avoid

Milk and milk products: Buffalo milk contains abundant fat. Hence, skimmed milk should be consumed. Cream and butter are rich in fats and hence best avoided. Processed cheese is also rich in fat. However, homemade cottage cheese (paneer) prepared from skimmed milk can be consumed freely.

Junk food: Junk foods typically are a combination of bad carbohydrates and bad fat. They are high in saturated or hydrogenated oils, animal fat and bad carbohydrates. The typical examples are pizza and burgers. They increase blood sugar and blood lipids. Hence, diabetics must avoid such junk foods.
Fried food: When any food is fried, they absorb lot of oil. Because of the fat content their caloric value increases remarkably. For example, 100 grams of fried potato chips provide about 570 calories, but 100 grams of boiled potatoes provide only 100 calories. Therefore, fried potato products like french fries, chips or any other fried food items,  are forbidden for diabetics.

Sugar should be restricted: Sugar is a simple carbohydrate. It is easily absorbed on ingestion and produces instant rise of blood glucose levels. Therefore, it is better to limit the intake of plain sugar. A diabetic can take two teaspoonfuls of sugar per day. Like sugar, honey and jaggery (gur) cause a rapid rise in the blood glucose and excess consumption should be avoided.

Alcohol contributes to increase in blood sugar: Alcohol by itself is a source of calories and contributes to caloric overload. Alcohol also acts as an appetite stimulant and there is increased intake of food after alcohol consumption. Alcohol retards the burning up of fats by the body. As a result, the fats remain accumulated in the body. All these factors collectively contribute to increase in blood sugar as well as gain in weight.

General Guidelines for Alcohol Consumption

Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol. However, if consumed, observe the following guidelines:

1. Avoid drinks that contain large amounts of sugar: This will increase caloric intake and blood glucose levels.
2. Never drink on an empty stomach: Alcoholic beverages can cause low blood glucose levels.
3. Drink with caution: Signs and symptoms of low blood glucose and intoxication are similar! Persons on insulin should always carry diabetes identification card.
4. Medications and alcohol: Certain oral hypoglycaemic agents may interact with alcohol and cause problems.

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