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Do you feel your mouth dry?

iStock_000006876672XSmallSaliva plays a role in lubricating the mouth area and helps in swallowing and tasting food. Saliva cleans food and plaque from tooth surfaces and neutralizing acids. When saliva decreases and the level of dry mouth increases your risk for tooth decay. People who have this dry mouth are more prone to disease in the oral tissue. In addition, diet may be affected because they no longer feel the taste of food as before.

Why dry mouth sensation appears?

– As a side effect of a particular drug. Dry mouth is a possible side effect of many drugs such as tranquilizers, antihistamines antidepressant. Medication is the primary cause, with a higher incidence among the elderly, due to the large amounts of drugs they take.
– A complication of the disease. Diseases such as diabetes, anemia, cystic fibrosis, rheumatoid atrita, hypertension and HIV may be associated with dry mouth. Dry mouth can occur in people presenting Sjogren’s syndrome, a condition in which human antibodies attack the salivary glands. Some viral infections such as mumps, also affecting the saliva.
– Dehydration. Any other condition which leads to dehydration can lead to dry mouth. These conditions include fever, excessive sweating, loss of blood or fluid through the skin after burns.
– Radiation therapy. Xerostomia is a common side effect of radiation therapy used to treat cancer of the neck and head.
– Surgical removal of the salivary glands.

Symptoms

Although xerostomia is a symptom itself, can occur in association with others:

* frequent thirst;
* Burning sensation on the tongue;
* Red tongue;
* Wounds in the mouth or upper lip;
* Difficulty swallowing;
* Bad breath;
* Issues in speech;
* Dry, cracked lips;

How long will it last?

As long as you and other conditions (medication, dehydration, various diseases)! This condition is permanent only if was achieved a removal of the salivary glands. Also, radiation therapy used to treat cancer of the neck or head may affect forever the ability to produce saliva.

Prevention

If possible, avoid things that cause dry mouth. For example, if it is associated with a drug, your doctor should prescribe you an equivalent product that does not have the same effect of decreasing the level of saliva.

Treatment

Xerostomia treatment has the following objectives:

* Relieve symptoms;
* Cavities;
* The increase of saliva.

Your doctor will advise you good oral hygiene, including an effective brushing and regular visits to the office for follow-up treatment with fluorine-based chemicals.  Normally, the treatment varies depending on the severity of the problem and causes the sensation of dry mouth.

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