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Can We Differentiate two Types of Diabetes on the Basis of Symptoms?

It is difficult to differentiate between the two types of diabetes on the basis of symptoms alone. However, following pointers can be used for differentiation:

* Overweight or obese are more likely to have type 2 diabetes.

* Patients who suddenly develop signs of diabetes, such as frequent urination, unusual thirst and hunger and weight loss and are a young adult or child, are more likely to have type 1 diabetes.

* Thin patients with ketones in urine, are more likely to have type I diabetes.

* People who are older than 50, overweight, and have mild symptoms like weakness, are more likely to have type 2diabetes.

* Patients receiving insulin injections can have either type1 or type 2 diabetes.

Differences Between Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

1. Age group: Commonly occurs during childhood and adolescence.
2. Disease Prognosis: Develops suddenly and rapidly.
3.Body-weight: Usually normal or low
4.Lifestyle : Active or sedentary
5.Family history : Other family members usually not affected
6.Treatment : Insulin injections are necessary. Oral medicines not effective.
7. Complications : Develop early

Type 2 Diabetes

1. Age group: Occurs in middle aged and older individuals.
2. Disease Prognosis: Develops gradually and progresses slowly.
3. Body-weight: Normal or Increased
4. Lifestyle : Sedentary
5. Family history : Other family members may be affected
6. Treatment : Oral medicines effective.
7. Complications :Develop late

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