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Diagnosis Of Diabetes Terms You Should Know

Diagnosis of Diabetes: Terms you should know

* Symptom: A manifestation that is suggestive of the disease. Example: frequent urination is a symptom of diabetes.

* Asymptomatic: Having no complaints.

* Hyperglycemia: High blood glucose levels (generally, 160 mg/dl or above).

* Polydipsia: Excessive thirst.

* Polyphagia: Eating again and again.

* Polyuria: Frequent urination.

* Overt Diabetes: When signs of diabetes are obvious.

* mg/dl: Milligrams per deciliter. It is also referred as mg%. Blood glucose levels are measured in this unit. Mmo1/1 is used nowadays as the unit of measurement. To convert blood sugar to mg/dl from mmo1/1, multiply mmo1/1 by 18. In United States, mg/di is still used as the unit of measurement.

* Mmo1/1 (millimols per liter): The unit of measurement of how much of a substance (such as sugar) is in a specific amount of fluid (such as blood or urine).

(Note: To convert blood sugar to mmo1/1 from mg/d1, divide by mg/dl 18.)

* Postprandial: Occurring after a meal, example: Blood test done 1-2hours after eating food is known as postprandial blood glucose test. Glycosuria/Glucosuria: Presence of glucose (sugar) in urine.

* Renal Glycosuria: Presence of sugar in urine with normal amount of sugar in the blood.

* Renal Threshold: The level of a substance in the blood above which the excess is spilled into the urine.

* Urine test: In a diabetic patient, the urine is tested to detect sugar, protein and ketones. Urine tests for glucose levels are not reliable for blood glucose control.

Urine test for ketones is very useful for detecting ketoacidosis. Early evidence of kidney involvement in diabetes can also be detected in urine by testing urine for microalbuminaria.

Fructosamine: A term referring to the linking of blood sugar onto protein molecules in the bloodstream. The fructosamine value depends upon the average blood sugar level during the past three weeks.

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