There is no vaccine for Hepatitis C
Chronic hepatitis C is currently a major public health problem worldwide. Hepatitis C has been compared like a ” time bomb”. World Health Organization estimates that about 180 million people, ie 3% of world population is infected with hepatitis C and of these, 130 million are chronic carriers of hepatitis C virus with high risk of developing cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Acute hepatitis C virus infection is asymptomatic in 8 of 10 cases – that person has no signs or symptoms of disease. Sometimes occur: muscle pain, joint pain, nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, dark urine.
Ways of transmission
1. Blood transfusions and blood products – people who received blood before 1991 have to undergo tests for Hepatitis C, risk of infection with hepatitis C from a transfusion is 1 in 1 million today.
2. Transmission by direct contact with infected blood of a blood infection. Cases of accidental contact involving non-sterile instruments or objects:
* Tattoos, piercing, acupuncture;
* Personal effects – shaving machine, scissors, toothbrush – on such instruments may exist invisible drops of blood;
* Workplace accidents involving medical personnel and other categories of potential risk;
3. Through sexual transmission is possible in case of unprotected intercourse when lesions of sexual organs.
4. Transmission from injecting drug – the sharing of the same syringe.
5. Transmission from mother to child – through exchange of blood occurs constantly during pregnancy, between mother and fetus.
How it is not transmitted
Hepatitis C virus is not transmitted through:
* Coughing, sneezing;
* Hugs and kiss;
* Food, water;
* Use the cutlery and glasses;
* Using public toilets.
Hepatitis C is a disease that is treatable
Currently available treatments have a high success rate, if the disease is diagnosed sooner, before the appearance of cirrhosis or liver cancer.
There are 2 medications indicated for treatment of hepatitis C: interferon and ribavirin. Usually the 2 drugs are administered in combination, but there are cases in which can be given only interferon. Treatment is given only after the indication and prescription.
To prevent infection with hepatitis C virus:
* Do not use personal hygiene items of other people;
* Avoid random unprotected sexual contacts;
* If you want to do tattoos or piercings is recommended visiting an authorized salon;
* When you are receiving injectable treatment, always check the use of sterile instruments;
* In case of unwanted drug injections should be avoided sharing of syringes.