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Type 2 Diabetes – Associated Symptoms and Conditions

* Lens in the eyes becomes gradually opaque (Cataracts)

The reason for the appearance of these symptoms are:

Fatigue: In diabetes, the body is not able to utilize glucose. Therefore, the body starts using fat as a source of energy. This process is not efficient. The result is feeling of fatigue or constant tiredness.

Excessive thirst (polydipsia): In order to counteract high blood sugar levels body tries to dilute the high blood sugar back to normal levels. The body encourages more water consumption by sending a signal to the brain, which increases thirst.

Excessive urination (polyuria): The body tries to get rid of the extra sugar in the blood is by excreting it in the urine. This can also lead to dehydration because excreting the sugar carries a large amount of water out of the body along with it.

Excessive eating (polyphagia): In type 2 diabetes body secretes more insulin in order to try to deal with the excessive blood sugar levels in diabetes and also due to the body’s resistance to the action of insulin. As one of the functions of insulin is to stimulate hunger higher insulin levels lead to increased hunger and eating.

Poor wound healing: High blood sugar levels prevent the white blood cells, which are important in defending the body against bacteria and in cleaning up dead tissue and cells, from functioning normally.

When these cells do not function properly, wounds take much longer to heal and wound infections occur more frequently. Moreover, poor blood supply due to blood vessel involvement also contributes to poor wound healing.

Infections: Certain infections, such as frequent yeast infections of the genitals, skin infections, and frequent urinary tract infections may be the result of immune system suppressed by diabetes.

Blurred vision: This symptom can be due to occurrence of cataract or involvement of retina.

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