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Archive for the ‘Indigestion’ Category

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a condition of abnormally frequent and unsually fluid, unformed stool. Diarrhea may be brought on by a number of factors including: anxiety, diet, ingestion of certain drugs, the flu, bacterial infections, parasitic infections, and inflammation of the intestinal lining. Symptoms Diarrhea may be characterized by abdominal cramps, nausea and possibly vomiting coupled with frequent elimination of stools, ranging from 3 to 20 a day. Patients suffering from diarrhea often have a loss of... 

Indigestion: Causes & Treatments

Treatment It depends on the cause of indigestion. If overeating is the cause of indigestion then enzyme tablets after meals will provide relief. If indigestion is associated with foul smelling flatulence, then drugs like metronidazole or tinidazole will help in reducing the symptoms. Gas Gas in the digestive tract varies from belching and bloating to flatulence and abdominal pain. Gas is rarely a sign of serious disease. For some people excessive gas is a regular problem, causing both embarrassment... 

Constipation: diagnostic test & lifestyle modifications

Diagnostic tests Most people with constipation do not need extensive testing and can be treated with changes in diet and exercise. Extensive testing is usually reserved for people with severe symptoms, for those with sudden changes in number and consistency of bowel movements or blood in the stool, and for older adults.  

Risk factors for gallstone formation

Several factors increase the risk of gallstone formation in bile: • Gender. Women between the ages of 20 and 40 are twice as likely to get gallstones as compared to men. Oestrogen (the female sex hormone) increases the amount of cholesterol in the bile. Extra oestrogen from birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy may further increase bile’s cholesterol content. It also may slow gall bladder emptying, allowing bile to remain in gall bladder for longer periods of time.  

Symptoms of gallstones

The majority of people with gallstones are unaware of their gallstones. Gallstones which do not cause anv problem are termed as ‘silent’ stones. These gallstones are often discovered accidentally as a result of tests(e.g. ultrasound or X-rav examination of the abdomen) performed while evaluating medical conditions other than gallstones. Silent gallstones may be small enough to pass through the ducts and out of the body. Silent stones may also be quite large, and remain in the gall bladder....