Allergic Rhinitis – An Increasingly Common Problem

Allergic rhinitis is a common disease becoming more common in Europe. The human genome is considered not to have changed significantly in recent years,  the environment is largely responsible for increased susceptibility to allergens. Given that there are quite big confusion about this disease, here are some details about the manifestation, diagnosis and treatment.

What is?

Allergic rhinitis is a reaction of the nasal passages to allergens such as pollen, seasonal plants, chemicals, dust, etc. physical agents. Antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE), in contact with the allergen, causing allergic reaction. Within minutes of exposure to an allergen and histamine are released  leukotrienele chemicals that produce inflammation and cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing and nasal secretions or itching.

* Seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs at certain times or seasons and lasts from several weeks to several months.
* Perennial allergic rhinitis occurs throughout the year.

Parents with allergic rhinitis have higher chances of having children with the same affection. It occurs in men and women, ie without any predisposition based on sex. The disease usually manifests its symptoms before 30 years, but it happens to occur after this age.

Allergic rhinitis can have one or more of these symptoms:

* Sneeze repeatedly
* Pain, itching or burning sensation in the throat and nose
* Headache
* Sweating
* Loss of smell (runny nose)

Generally, rhinitis occurs on days with strong winds, very dry or very wet morning and evening. It feels more acute in smokers.

Allergic rhinitis, without being an extremely dangerous disease, endanger the life, still affects a lot of quality, is preventing you from enjoying a walk, a movie, many activities, depending on time and allergen.


Unfortunately, although the number of people who suffer from this disease is becoming more, those diagnosed are far fewer. The symptoms are often confused with colds.


Untreated, chronic or allergic rhinitis can lead to sinusitis, lung disease, secondary infections, otitis, asthma.

Not good to keep flowers in the house if you are allergic to pollen. Try to avoid dust, wet air or very dry. A minimum of attention on what triggers your allergies can reduce the severity of symptoms and the discomforts they cause.

Here are some treatment options:

* Tablets and syrups. Some of them provide a state of drowsiness. Last generation antihistamines are preferred

It is usually used when other treatments are not effective. It injects small amounts of allergens known to create some tolerance and cause the immune system to produce not so much histamine when interacting with that allergen. Treatment lasts long enough, is done under medical supervision and can not be stopped at your will.

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